The SSA Announces: No Social Security Increase in 2016

October 16, 2015

social security increase

One of the best features of Social Security is the annual cost of living adjustment or COLA.

The COLA was created to help seniors keep up with rising costs. This is especially helpful to retirees who depend on Social Security for the majority of their income (note: according to the Social Security Administration, retirement benefits make up at least half the income for approximately two-thirds of the people collecting Social Security, and 90 percent of the income for at least one third of Americans receiving benefits).

The COLA has averaged 2.65% since 1990.

Here are the COLAs received from 1975-2015:

July 1975 — 8.0%
July 1976 — 6.4%
July 1977 — 5.9%
July 1978 — 6.5%
July 1979 — 9.9%
July 1980 — 14.3%
July 1981 — 11.2%
July 1982 — 7.4%
January 1984 — 3.5%
January 1985 — 3.5%
January 1986 — 3.1%
January 1987 — 1.3%
January 1988 — 4.2%
January 1989 — 4.0%
January 1990 — 4.7%
January 1991 — 5.4%
January 1992 — 3.7%
January 1993 — 3.0%
January 1994 — 2.6%
January 1995 — 2.8%
January 1996 — 2.6%
January 1997 — 2.9%
January 1998 — 2.1%
January 1999 — 1.3%
January 2000 — 2.5%
January 2001 — 3.5%
January 2002 — 2.6%
January 2003 — 1.4%
January 2004 — 2.1%
January 2005 — 2.7%
January 2006 — 4.1%
January 2007 — 3.3%
January 2008 — 2.3%
January 2009 — 5.8%
January 2010 — 0.0%
January 2011 — 0.0%
January 2012 — 3.6%
January 2013 — 1.7%
January 2014 — 1.5%
January 2015 — 1.7%

Unfortunately, the SSA recently announced that there will not be an increase in benefits in 2016. This is only the third time in 40 years that there has not been a COLA.

You may be wondering how there can be no COLA when the cost of food, housing and medical care (the top expenses for retirees) keeps going up. The COLA is based on the CPI-W, which is a measure of a basket of goods consumed by workers. One of the top expenses in this measure is the cost of transportation. Since the cost of oil was down in 2015, the overall index was down in the third quarter – the quarter used to determine the COLA for the next year. Many argue that the CPI-W is not an adequate measure of retirees expenses (after all, transportation costs generally go down significantly once you retire) and should not be used to calculate annual cost of living increases for Social Security benefits. While this may be true, unfortunately, it’s the measure that is required under current law.

To make matters worse, the SSA is warning to expect large increases in Medicare premiums (up to 52% higher) unless Congress acts soon.

The only silver lining is that people who are already receiving Social Security cannot have their benefits reduced by rising Medicare premiums. This is known as the hold harmless rule.

The inflation protection that Social Security provides to seniors is very valuable. Unless you are a teacher or government employee, there is no other benefit that increases as your living expenses increase. For this reason, I generally encourage people to maximize their benefits as much as possible. This typically means delaying your benefits as long as possible and implementing spousal and other filing strategies as appropriate.

However, if you are planning on applying for Social Security in the next few months, it might make sense to apply for benefits now so that you will be considered an enrollee for Medicare before premiums go up. Your goal should be to maximize your Social Security as much as possible, so please don’t apply early just to avoid the Medicare premium increase, but if you were planning on starting Social Security in early 2016 anyway, applying a few months early could save you up to $600 in Medicare premiums in 2016.

You can read the full announcement regarding the 2016 COLA at https://ssa.gov/news/press/releases/#/post/10-2015-1


Kansas Residents May be Entitled to Refund of KC Earnings Tax Paid

August 24, 2015

Thanks to a recent ruling from Topeka, Kansas residents who work in Kansas City (and pay KC earnings tax) may be eligible for a refund of the KC taxes paid.

I am reviewing the recent ruling and will contact any clients who I believe may benefit from it. However, if you are a current tax client and you believe you will benefit from this rule, you are welcome to contact me and get your name on the list of amended tax returns to be completed.

Here is an article describing the new ruling:

Kristine McKinley is a fee only financial planner in Kansas City, Missouri.  Kristine provides retirement planning, tax preparation and planning, investment reviews and comprehensive financial planning on a fee-only, as needed basis.  To schedule your complimentary introduction meeting, please contact Kristine at kristine@beacon-advisor.com.

Stock Market Update: Don’t Panic!

August 24, 2015

I sent out an email to my clients today telling them why they shouldn’t panic in face of the recent stock market volatility.  I”m sure many people are nervous after three large down days in a row, so I thought I’d post a copy of the email I sent out below:



I just wanted to check in with you.  If you’ve been around me for a while, you know I tell people not to watch the market on a daily basis.  However, I know its human nature to do so anyway, so you have probably seen the news that US stocks fell sharply lower last week with the Dow losing 800+ points on Thursday and Friday.  While it never feels good to see stocks tumble into the red, it is by no means time to panic.  Here’s why:


  • The market moves in cycles.  While we all would like to see our portfolios go up all the time that just isn’t how the market works (nor is it realistic!).  Having said that, it’s important to note that since 1900 there have been 35 declines of 10% or more in the S&P 500.  Of those 35 corrections, the index recovered fully within an average of 10 months.
  • The S&P 500’s average annual total return over the past 50 years is 10%.  This is even with large corrections such as those that occurred after 9/11 and during the 2008 economic recession.  As you know, I use a pretty conservative rate of return in your retirement projection (6-7%), so your plan should still be solid even with the current market volatility.
  • We’ve been in a very strong bull market the last five years or so.  The S&P 500 more than doubled in value from March 2009 through 2013 with annualized returns of more than 20% through the end of 2014.  Knowing that, I have been telling clients that a correction is overdue, if for no other reason than to bring market values back down to “normal” levels.  So a correction this year was certainly not unexpected.
  • However, the volatility of the past few days has been greater than expected for a “reversion to the mean” type of correction.  This has been due to a combination of events including China’s devalued currency, speculation over the Fed’s plans for US interest rates, declining oil prices, ongoing uncertainty in Greece, and so on…  Each of these factors on its own can have an effect on the market; combined, their impact has been more dramatic.  Even so, none of this news was entirely unexpected.
  • Key US economic factors (manufacturing orders, housing starts, auto sales, P/E ratios, etc.) remain strong, which is why most analysts are viewing this week’s activity as a correction rather than a bear market.  This means from an investment perspective, this may be a great buying opportunity rather than a time to sell.
  • If economics and history repeat themselves – and to date they haven’t failed in this regard – the market will rebound, and long-term investments will continue to provide value.
So what should you be doing now?


  • Make sure you have a portfolio that matches your risk tolerance, time frame and goals.  This has always been my highest priority, so if you’ve been in for a review recently, your portfolio should already match these goals.
  • Rebalance your portfolio annually.  This ensures that you don’t become over-weighted in any one asset class, thus putting your portfolio at greater risk during a decline.
  • Keep adequate liquid funds to cover living expenses (if retired) or emergencies (if still working).  A good rule of thumb is to have 3-6 months of living expenses set aside if you are still working, and 12-24 months of living expenses set aside if you are retired or close to retirement.
  • And finally, don’t panic.  People who try to time the market lose on average 50% more than people who stay the course.  This is because when you sell after a large decline you are locking in your losses with no way to recover them.
If anything shifts to change my thinking, I will let you know right away.  But for now, I urge you to sit back, relax and enjoy the rest of this beautiful day.  If you are too concerned about the immediate days ahead, please send me a note and I’ll be happy to address your concerns individually.
In the meantime, turn off the TV and don’t listen to the talking heads screaming doom and gloom headlines (remember, they are emphasizing the negative in order to keep people watching).  Practice patience and assess your own comfort level in weathering what may be some choppy days ahead.


All the best,


P.S.  Here is one of my favorite graphs regarding stock market volatility:
As you can see from this graph, market declines are normal with a 94% chance that a 5% decline will happen in any given year, a 59% chance of a 10% correction every other year, a 21% chance of a 20% decline every five years, etc.  Based on these probabilities and the unprecedented returns we have seen in the S&P 500 over the last five years or so, we are actually long overdue for a correction.  While that may not be very comforting, it’s important to put historical market corrections into perspective and to understand that corrections are a normal part of the stock market.


A Guide to Withdrawing Retirement Assets

June 12, 2015

financialA lot is being written about how much money Americans can withdraw from their investments to fund their retirement years. Now, a new research institute launched by Fidelity Investments has outlined the order in which money should be withdrawn from various tax-deferred and taxable investment accounts. Described as the ‘withdrawal hierarchy,’ the Fidelity Research Institute suggests the order, with modifications made courtesy of other financial planning experts.

1. Take your minimum required distributions (MRDs) from qualified accounts and IRAs. If you are age 70½ or older, make sure you know which of your accounts require such distributions and how large those distributions need to be, and then meet the requirements and deadlines, avoiding the application of the 50 percent income tax penalty that will be assessed if you fail to make timely withdrawals of required distributions.

2. Liquidate loss positions in taxable accounts. Some investments in your taxable accounts may be worth less than their tax basis. In addition to offsetting realized losses against realized gains, at the federal level you can usually use up to $3,000 ($1,500 for married couples filing separately) of net losses each year to offset ordinary income including interest, salaries, and wages. Unused losses can be carried forward for use in future years.

3. Sell assets in taxable accounts that will generate neither capital gains nor capital losses. Such assets generally include cash and cash-equivalent investments as well as capital assets which have not increased in value. If your withdrawals from this tier in the hierarchy largely come from cash-equivalent investments, sufficient liquid assets holdings should remain intact in order to cover short-term financial emergencies. And be especially mindful of portfolio rebalancing issues.

4. Withdraw money from taxable accounts in relative order of basis, and then qualified accounts or tax-deferred saving vehicles funded with at least some nondeductible (or after-tax) contributions, such as variable annuities and Traditional IRAs that contain non-deductible contributions. The choice depends on the circumstances, and in some cases it might make more sense to tap the tax-deferred vehicle first, but for most retirees, capital gains rates are lower than ordinary income tax rates and generally liquidating capital assets first would be beneficial.

Assuming there is a significant difference in the basis-to-value ratio of the assets to be liquidated in two accounts, the better tactic for choosing between these two types of withdrawals may be to liquidate the assets with the higher ratio. That is, the assets that have generated the smallest gain or the largest loss as a percentage of their basis. If the basis-to-value ratio of the assets to be liquidated in each account is relatively low due to significant investment gains, it often will be preferable to liquidate the assets in the taxable account.

Conversely, if the basis-to-value ratio of the assets to be liquidated in each account is relatively high, it may be preferable to liquidate assets in the tax-deferred account if portfolio demands require it. Note that IRAs are generally subject to certain aggregation requirements when allocating basis. When liquidating gain positions in taxable accounts, it usually makes sense to sell assets with long-term capital gains first, since they should be taxed at lower rates than short-term gains.

5. Withdraw money from tax-deferred accounts funded with deductible (or pre-tax) contributions such as 401(k)s and Traditional IRAs, or tax-exempt accounts such as Roth IRAs. It may not make much difference which account you tap first within this category since all withdrawals from any tax-deferred accounts funded with fully deductible (or pre-tax) contributions are taxed at the same rate. When withdrawing money from tax-deferred accounts funded with fully deductible (or pre-tax) contributions, you may wish to request that taxes be withheld.

If you believe that the withdrawals you make may be subject to different tax rates over the course of your retirement (whether due to changes in tax law or to varying tax brackets as a result of fluctuations in income) you may be better off liquidating one type of account within all of these guidelines before another. For example, it may make more sense to leave your Roth account intact if you thought your ordinary income tax rate was likely to rise in later years, increasing the value of the Roth’s tax exemption.

Estate planning considerations may also significantly impact the entire hierarchy. Generally, qualified and tax-deferred assets may be given a higher order within the withdrawal hierarchy in the case of larger estates expected to hold “excess” assets which will pass to heirs or be subject to estate taxes. Capital assets receive a step-up in basis at death, while qualified and tax deferred assets are considered to contain “income in respect of a decedent” and do not receive a step-up. A number of other issues may also have an effect on the recommended order of withdrawal, like if the retiree’s income approaches the threshold of paying taxes on Social Security income.

This column is produced by the Financial Planning Association, the membership organization for the financial planning community, and is provided by Kristine McKinley, CFP, CPA, a local member of FPA.

The Importance of an Annual Financial Checkup

September 7, 2014

It’s one of the six steps of the financial planning process. But, oftentimes, it’s the one step that gets overlooked. It’s the sixth step – the annual financial check-up.

The annual financial check-up is indeed the most important of the financial planning steps. And yet, financial planners and clients sometimes downplay its significance.

What is the annual review and why is it so important? In short, the annual review is the opportunity to measure a client’s progress against their plan of action. It’s also the one time when planners and clients can examine the many changes that typically occur any given 12-month period – the birth of a child, the death of a loved one, the loss of a job, a major purchase – and then readjust the client’s financial plan, charting a new course if need be or further affirming the client’s progress towards their personal financial goal achievement.

Indeed, lives are seldom static and that’s why financial plans are not necessarily set-and-forget documents. But what exactly should financial planners and clients examine in their annual meetings? And when should they conduct their annual meetings.

Typically, financial planners will collect a client’s data, prioritize their goals, examine their resources, make recommendations, and implement a plan as part of the financial planning process. In an annual review, the financial planner will do much of the same and then some. They will first typically examine a client’s progress against the plan time frames. This sort of monitoring benefits both planners and their clients. Clients get an opportunity to step back from their busy lives and review their goals and confirm that their priorities remain the same Planners have a chance to reconnect with their clients to affirm their positive actions towards goal achievement or to help refocus them so that they don’t get too far off track. And planners get a chance to enhance the relationship and trust.

In some cases, planners and clients will want to establish a regular appointment, meeting on an annual basis, and in some cases on a quarterly or semi-annual basis. Typically, the planner and client will review in these meetings short-term goals, examining what if anything may have changed. In some cases, the planner will make changes to a client’s investment portfolio in light of tactical or strategic asset allocation models in place. In other cases, a planner will suggest changes based on certain life events. The birth of a child or grandchild may require a discussion about 529 plans. A divorce may require changing beneficiary designations on retirement accounts and life insurance policies.

In addition a planner may want to review with their clients new research that has become available in the interim to either confirm rationale or provide a basis to alter a client’s short-term or long-term strategies. For instance, new research that shows the escalating costs of nursing homes or health care in retirement wouldn’t change the goal of “secure long-term retirement,” but it would change the strategy to achieve that goal.

Besides reviewing family developments, planners would also address in an annual review regulatory and other changes that could affect adversely or positively a client’s financial plan. The new Medicare Part D plan or the introduction of the Roth 401(k) could prove useful to some clients. In other cases, the annual review is a chance to review potential changes, changes in the federal estate tax laws, for instance, and devise possible plans of actions.

Planners and clients will often want to measure the “performance” of the investment portfolio as part of the annual review. Typically, performance should be measured against several benchmarks, the most important of which is the client’s own personal goals. For instance, if the planner and the client established that a portfolio should grow by 5 percent per year before taxes then the performance should be measured against that yard stick. To be sure, it’s important that portfolios be measured against standard benchmarks. But only as a point of reference. Meeting personal investment goals is far more important that over performing or underperforming the Dow Jones industrial average. By and large, it’s imprudent for planners and clients to make wholesale changes to a portfolio bases solely on one quarter as well as one year of performance.

In summary, annual reviews provide a chance for planners to examine a client’s long-term goals. These reviews can establish whether the client is generally on course to meet their goals. It’s also a chance to review changes that have occurred and begin to anticipate changes that may occur. It’s a chance to implement any new plan of action that has been developed in light of changing goals or changing performance. And then last, the annual review provides the perfect opportunity to establish future review meetings.

One of the most important worksheets to review is a balance sheet or net worth statement. If reaching all of the client’s goals will require a net worth of $1 million at some point in the future, it is the balance sheet that will demonstrate movement toward or away from that goal. It is a road map. When going out of town, a map is almost always consulted before and during the trip. Progress toward your ultimate destination is noted by each passing town or landmark. It is easy to see when you move off track and what corrections should be made to get you back on the correct path in the least amount of time or distance. The balance sheet measures your progress toward your monetary goal in a finite manner. What the numbers show from year-to-year are not as important as what they show after several years looked at as a whole.

This column is produced by the Financial Planning Association, the membership organization for the financial planning community, and is provided by Kristine McKinley, a local member of FPA.  Kristine is a fee only financial planner serving the greater Kansas City area.

Common Social Security Retirement Questions

June 23, 2014

social security questionsAs Baby Boomers are getting closer and closer to retirement, they have many questions about Social Security, such as…

Will Social Security be there for me when it’s my time to collect benefits?

For a long time the media has been telling us that Social Security is going bust. Millions of Americans depend on Social Security to fund all or part of their retirement, so this is a huge concern in our country. So do we really need to worry about Social Security going under before we start collecting our retirement benefits?

The 2009 Social Security Trustees Report anticipates that Social Security benefits paid to retirees will exceed Social Security taxes paid in by workers (and earnings on the funds in the trust) beginning in 2016.  In addition, the trust fund could be exhausted by 2037.  Once the trust fund is gone, benefits will still be paid out, but the taxes collected from people still working will only be enough to cover 76% of the benefits promised.

Read more

Got Retirement Questions? Chat with an Expert for Free on Feb 7 and Feb 12

January 27, 2013

Kiplinger magazine and the National Association of Personal Financial Advisors (NAPFA) are teaming up for the annual Jump-Start Your Retirement Plan Days to bring you free one-on-one personal finance advice.

NAPFA members (including me!) from across the U.S. will be standing by to answer your questions from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. ET on Thursday, February 7 AND Tuesday, February 12, 2013.

This year, Jump-Start Days will feature four separate chat rooms, each hosted by expert financial advisors:

Chat Room #1: Taxes and Retirement

Chat Room #2: Saving for Retirement

Chat Room #3: Income in Retirement

Chat Room #4: Other Financial Challenges

The chat rooms will be open a week in advance so you can get your questions in early.  To submit a question, simply follow the link above that best fits your question.  Advisors will answer questions in the order they come in.  

I will be in the Taxes and Retirement chat room from 11-1 on February 7.  I look forward to answering your questions!

Read more at https://www.kiplinger.com/article/retirement/T047-C000-S001-jump-start-your-retirement-plan-days.html#D3iXVK9A45kfobIk.99

Fiscal Cliff Averted, For Now…

January 2, 2013

In true Congress style, a deal was passed at the last minute to keep the US from going over the fiscal cliff.

On Tuesday night the House passed a bill that will extend the Bush tax cuts for most of Americans, extend unemployment benefits, and delay spending cuts. Unfortunately, the bill left a lot of big issues on the table.

Here are the details:

The fiscal cliff related to both the tax laws that were scheduled to expire on December 31, 2012 and the spending cuts that were set to take place automatically on January 1, 2013.


The deal raises taxes for higher-income people (individuals who earn more than $400,000 and couples who earn more than $450,000), but keeps taxes the same for everyone else. Basically, the Bush tax cuts were made permanent for everyone except those who earn more than $400,000. If you earn more than $400,000 the Bush tax cuts will expire for you, causing your top tax rate to jump from 35% to 39.6%.

The lower and middle income groups didn’t escape increased taxes completely, however, as the 2% payroll tax cut was allowed to expire. That means most Americans will see their first paycheck in 2013 go down. This was expected so no surprise here…

One good thing to come from the bill is that the alternative minimum tax will be adjusted permanently for inflation. The AMT has never been adjusted for inflation causing more and more people to owe it every year. Without a legislative change, up to 30 million Americans would have had to pay the AMT for the first time on their 2012 income tax returns. The bill will permanently adjust the income exemption amount for inflation.

The itemized deduction and the personal exemption phaseouts were extended, meaning people who earn less than $250,000 (single) or $300,000 (married filing jointly) will not see their deductions phased out.

Capital gains and dividend tax rates will remain low for most taxpayers. A 20% rate will apply for individuals above the top income tax bracket, middle brackets will pay 15% and the zero rate is retained for taxpayers in the 10% and 15% brackets.

Parents will be happy to hear that the expanded American Opportunity Tax Credit, Child Tax Credit, Child Care Credit and Earned Income Tax Credit will all be preserved for the next five years. These credits were expected to return to pre-Bush levels on January 1, making many people ineligible for them.

Oh and remember the marriage penalty? You know, the smaller 15% tax bracket and the smaller standard deduction that applied to married taxpayers (compared proportionately to single taxpayers)? Well you can breathe easier, the marriage penalty has been permanently banished from the tax law.

Teachers will be happy to learn that the deduction for books, supplies, etc., was extended (although $250 is nowhere close to what most teachers pay for classroom supplies, every deduction helps). Also extended were the tuition and fees deduction and the ability to deduct state and local sales taxes in place of state and local income taxes. These were extended for one year.

Retirees can continue to make charitable donations from their IRA; the tax-free distributions from IRAs for charitable purposes provision was extended through 2013. This is a win-win for both retirees and charities, so hopefully this will be made permanent in future legislation.

Estate taxes were also addressed in this bill; the current exemption of $5.12 million will be preserved but the top tax rate will go up to 40% from the current 35%, however, that’s lower than if the bill had been allowed to expire completely.

While taxes will remain low for most people, there are a couple of new taxes for high income taxpayers. The additional 0.9% hospital insurance tax on high income taxpayers ($200,000 if you’re single, $250,000 if you’re married and filing jointly) took effect on January 1. Also effective on January 1 is the 3.8% Medicare tax on the lesser of an individual’s net investment income or the amount the individual’s modified adjusted gross income exceeds a threshold amount. The threshold amounts are the same as the additional hospital insurance tax.

One of the surprises in this bill, for me anyway, is that the higher floor for deducting medical expenses was not axed. In 2012, you could deduct medical expenses that exceeded 7.5% of your adjusted gross income (AGI). Starting in 2013, the “floor” was raised to 10% of your AGI. The bill does include some relief; if you or your spouse has turned 65 before the end of the year the increased floor does not apply, but only for the years 2013-2016. So retirees will still be able to deduct medical expenses, but the higher floor will mean many taxpayers under age 65 will no longer be able to deduct medical expenses.

Spending Cuts

The deal also delayed the automatic spending cuts from happening, but only for two months. Congress will need to come up with a new plan for the deficit before March or the US will face another cliff scenario.

Two of the biggest spending cuts on the table were unemployment benefits and Medicare. The bill includes an extension of unemployment benefits for one year. Without this clause, more than 2 million people would have lost their unemployment benefits.

Regarding Medicare, doctors were facing a large pay cut in 2013 as Medicare reimbursement rates were set to be adjusted automatically to stay in line with GDP growth. This would have caused a 27% pay cut for physicians. While you may not be overly concerned with high income doctors taking a pay cut, you should be. Doctors fed up with looming pay cuts have been turning Medicare patients away, making it hard for consumers to get the care they need. The bill prevents this pay cut from happening, but just for one year. This issue will need to be addressed soon as it adds $31 billion to the deficit.

What’s Next

The bill will go to the White House next to be signed by President Obama. It is expected to be signed into law by Thursday.

Unfortunately, this is not the end of the fiscal cliff. According to CNNMoney, we have three more cliff-like deadlines in the next few months including the debt ceiling (not addressed in the current bill), the sequester (a series of automatic cuts in federal spending that will take place if Congress doesn’t act), and the continuing budget deficit. These must all be addressed by the end of March, so keep your seat belts on, the ride isn’t over yet.


Tis the Season – Things to Know Before Filing Your Taxes

February 7, 2012

Everyone loves a good tax tip. And now that tax season is in full swing, the IRS and other experts have started to issue tip after tip after tip. Here’s a recap:

Getting a jump on your taxes long before the April deadline is the best tip of all. To do so, the IRS recommends gathering your records in advance, including W-2s and 1099s. In addition, the IRS recommends getting the right forms, all of which are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week at the IRS’ Web site, www.IRS.gov. That site also has some helpful calculators to get you started.

That being said, tax payers should avoid getting too early a jump on their taxes. With the preferential qualified stock dividend rate, complicated foreign tax credits, lower capital gains rates and other changes over the last few years, many investors are finding that they receive Revised 1099s, or other tax reporting documents, well into March. If you’ve already filed your return, this can lead to costs of re-filing an amended return that you may wish to avoid. The best bet may be to get your tax return all completed, and then hold off filing it until the end of March, to see if any amended 1099s arrive.

Of course, keeping organized, thorough records is the key to filing on time. The IRS suggests that you can avoid headaches at tax time by keeping track of your receipts and other records throughout the year. Good record-keeping will help you remember the various transactions you made during the year and help you document the deductions you’ve claimed on your return. You’ll need this documentation should the IRS select your return for examination. Normally, tax records should be kept for three years, but some documents – such as records relating to a home purchase or sale, stock transactions, IRA and business or rental property – should be kept longer.

To be sure, some citizens wonder whether they need to file a tax return. According to the IRS, you must file a tax return if your income is above a certain level and that amount varies depending on filing status, age and the type of income you receive. For example a married couple, under age 65, generally is not required to file for the 2006 tax year until their joint income exceeds $16,900. Even if you do not have to file, the IRS notes that you should file to get money back if Federal Income Tax was withheld from your pay, or you qualify for certain credits.

It’s also important to choose your correct filing status, of which there are five options. According to the IRS, your federal tax filing status is based on your marital and family situation. It is an important factor in determining whether you must file a return, your standard deduction and your correct amount of tax.

Besides choosing the correct filing status, it’s important to calculate whether you should itemize deductions or not? And that will depend on how much you spent on certain expenses last year. According to the IRS, money paid for medical care in excess of 7.5 percent of adjusted gross income (AGI), mortgage interest, taxes, charitable contributions, casualty losses and miscellaneous deductions in excess of 2 percent of AGI can reduce your taxes. If the total amount spent on those categories is more than the standard deduction, you can usually benefit by itemizing. The standard deduction amounts are based on your filing status and are subject to inflation adjustments each year.

Also of note, if you gave any one person gifts in 2006 that valued at more than $12,000, you must report the total gifts to the IRS and may have to pay tax on the gifts (if, including prior taxable gifts, in excess of your $1 million lifetime exclusion). The person who receives your gift does not have to report the gift to the IRS or pay gift or income tax on its value. Gifts include money and property, including the use of property without expecting to receive something of equal value in return. There are some exceptions to the tax rules on gifts.

In some cases, a taxpayer may want to consider using a paid tax preparer. If so, the IRS has tips on its Web site to follow. Of note, only attorneys, CPAs and enrolled agents can represent taxpayers before the IRS in all matters including audits, collection actions and appeals. Although you might not find that you need the services of a paid CPA or accountant every year, having a relationship established when unexpected opportunities or events occur will make getting timely professional input that much easier. Someone who knows your income and deduction patterns, and can quickly answer routine questions or research the more complicated issues, may well be worth the price – even in the years when things seem straightforward.

When completing your tax return, make sure that you take your time, double-check your math and verify all Social Security numbers. Math errors and incorrect Social Security numbers are among the most common mistakes found on tax returns.

And remember, if you are getting a tax refund, consider making an automatic contribution to your IRA; this is the first year that this can be done.

This column is produced by the Financial Planning Association, the membership organization for the financial planning community, and is provided by Kristine McKinley, a local member of FPA.  Kristine is a fee only financial planner serving the greater Kansas City area.

A Brave New Financial World for Baby Boomers

May 7, 2011

On any given day, you will find not one but several studies that examine the current state of affairs for Baby Boomers, the 77 million Americans born between 1946 and 1964 that are now slowly approaching retirement. And what’s emerging is an interesting, though at times bleak, picture of one of the most analyzed groups in America.

Here are some of the highlights of that research and the financial planning implications.

Retirement security: The 2006 Employee Benefit Research Institute’s annual retirement confidence survey recently reported that just 25 percent of workers are very confident about having adequate funds for a comfortable retirement. In some ways, that should come as no surprise given that half of all workers say they’ve saved less than $25,000 toward retirement, and even among workers 55 and older, more than four in 10 have retirement savings under $25,000. The implication for workers is that they will need to start saving more money toward retirement, with some financial planning experts suggesting that workers might need roughly 20 times their annual pre-retirement spending set aside toward retirement.

What’s more, workers are underestimating the percent of retirement income they might need in retirement. At present, many financial planners suggest replacing at least 75 percent of pre-retirement income in retirement, if not 100 percent given longer life expectancies and increasing healthcare costs.

Retirement is a state, not a date. A new MetLife Mature Market Institute study indicates that 78 percent of respondents age 55-59 are working or looking for work, as are 60 percent of 60-65 year-olds and 37 percent of 66-70 year-olds. Across all three age groups, roughly 15 percent of workers have actually accepted retirement benefits from a previous employer, and then chose to return to work or are seeking work. These employees, who have become known as the ‘working retired,’ represent 11 percent of 55-59 year-olds, 16 percent of 60-65 year-olds, and 19 percent of 66-70 year-olds. Their motives for doing so are mixed, with 72 percent of those age 55-59 (and 60 percent of those age 60-65) citing the need for ‘income to live on’ as a primary reason for working, but among 66-70 year-olds, 72% percent of employees cited the desire to ‘stay active and engaged’ as a primary reason to work, followed by ‘the opportunity to do meaningful work’ (47 percent) and ‘social interaction with colleagues’ (42 percent). Of note, many financial planning experts suggest that working part-time or full-time during retirement years is one way to make up any retirement income shortfall. But odds are high, about one in two, that some workers will be unable to work during retirement because of an illness or disability, corporate downsizing and restructuring, or the need to provide financial support to a family member of loved one. And it’s also important to understand the tax issues of working during retirement.

In the meantime, much has to change in America to make the workplace of the future “work” for boomers. According to AARP’s “Reimagining America,” pension and other laws need to change for older workers so they don’t get penalized for working longer. Employers need to accommodate the needs of older workers, providing flex-time schedules or low-stress jobs, and older workers need to invest in education and skills-training to meet the demands of a constantly changing market for skills, knowledge and experience.

Healthcare costs: A recent Fidelity Investment study suggests that a 65-year-old couple retiring today will need about $200,000 set aside just pay for healthcare costs in retirement. The 2006 estimate, which assumes that the individuals do not have employer-sponsored retiree healthcare, includes expenses associated with Medicare Part B and D premiums (32 percent), Medicare cost-sharing provisions (co-payments, coinsurance, deductibles and excluded benefits) (36 percent), and prescription drug out-of-pocket costs (32 percent). It does not include other health expenses, such as over the counter medications, most dental services and long-term care. And many employers who offer (or had offered) some level of retiree healthcare benefits, are now phasing out or significantly constraining such benefits because they feel they can no longer afford them in the current competitive global environment. While it is uncertain exactly how much of a burden will be placed on the shoulders of retirees for these costs, it appears likely that the costs will “eat up” an expanding portion of retirees’ savings and investments during their golden years.

Given that the average balance in a 401(k) retirement plan for a Baby Boomer turning 60 is now $100,000, financial planning experts suggest that workers will need to plan on funding retiree healthcare expenses in a variety of ways, such as health savings accounts. In addition, those who are able may need to continue working for employers that provide health insurance or retiree health insurance plans.

Volunteerism: Half of Americans age 50 to 70 want jobs that contribute to the greater good now and in retirement, according to a MetLife Foundation/Civic Ventures New Face of Work Survey. According to that survey, Baby Boomers will invent not only a new stage of life between the middle years and true old age but a new stage of work. “Boomers may give back as volunteers, but this survey suggests that their most important contributions to society will likely be through work,” said the study’s author. The planning implication is that Boomers should consider volunteering now, if able, to get a sense of what sorts of work and organizations will best suit them in retirement.

The reality for Baby Boomers is that they’re living longer, fuller lives. They need the help of planners now more than ever.

This column is produced by the Financial Planning Association, the membership organization for the financial planning community, and is provided by Kristine McKinley, a local member of FPA.  Kristine is President and Owner of Beacon Financial Advisors, a fee only financial planning firm located in Lee’s Summit, MO.

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Beacon Financial Advisors, LLC, is a fee-only financial planning and Registered Investment Advisory firm headquartered in Lee’s Summit, Missouri and serving the greater Kansas City area.

The firm offers comprehensive financial planning services. Beacon advisors work solely for their clients. Click here to learn more about our services.

About Us

Kristine McKinley, CFP®, CPA, is the founding principal of Beacon Financial Advisors, LLC, an independent, fee-only financial planning firm located in Lee’s Summit, Missouri and serving the greater Kansas City area.

Kristine focuses on providing fee-only financial planning, investment advice, and tax preparation to individuals and families from all income levels.  About Us

In the News

Investment News – Kristine McKinley discusses the 0% Social Security COLA (for 2016) in No Social Security cost-of-living adjustment in 2016.

Kiplinger Magazine/NAPFA – Kristine McKinley answered reader’s tax questions during the 2013 Jump Start Your Retirement Plan Days sponsored by Kiplinger magazine and the NAPFA Consumer Education Foundation.